【关键词】康有为 大同 三世说 孔教 国教
Abstract: K’ang Yu-wei’s advocacy of making Confucianism the national religion was challenging in two ways. Firstly, the idea of Datong (universalism) was the core element of Confucianism as national religion, and his interpretation of Confucius’s idea of Datong was the foundation. Secondly, making Confucianism the national religion indicated K’ang Yu-wei’s political and institutional agenda of establishing a divine power as the new center of national politics. During the Reform Movement of 1898, both opinions were widely opposed. After his exile abroad, K’ang Yu-wei adjusted his opinion on the first issue and reinterpreted the theory of Sanshi. However, he didn’t change much regarding the second issue. However, debates had too often been focused on the first issue. The establishment of a national religion meant the formation of a new political organization and a new political centre. When K’ang Yu-wei made his case of Confucianism as the national religion, he tried the impossible task of avoiding conflict between religion and state. Besides, the way he interpreted Confucius’s idea of Datong was alarmingly anti-monarchy — a potential political conflict which he strategically turned into a philosophical conflict between universalism and parochialism.
Keywords: K’ang Yu-wei, Datong, the theory of Sanshi, Confucianism, national religion
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