Huang Chün-chieh

Historian Huang Chün-chieh (黄俊杰) on the characteristics of Chinese historical thinking

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中国历史思维的特征

黄俊杰

 

发布时间:2013-09-03
作者:黄俊杰
来源:《史学理论研究》2013年2期
For the original website see here.

 

摘要:中国历史思维像穿梭于过去与现在之间的梭子,使双方都得到了强化。过去的经验并未逝去,历史经验并不是博物馆中的木乃伊,而是像一座可以与人对话的图书馆,当代读者可以与历史人物进行有创造性的对话。通过“模拟思维”和“具体思维”这两种构成中国历史思维的显著要素,所有这些对话就成为可能。

【内容提要】 由于浸润在深厚的历史意识之中,从任何意义上说,中国人都可以说是“历史人”。在中国文化中,所谓“人”,在很大程度上就是“历史的”人,这意味着人要遵从过去的典范而生活。因此,在传统中国,历史思维在很大程度上就是某种道德思维,中国的历史道德思维是以“道”这个概念为中心,这个概念既是宇宙论意义上的“规律”,又是伦理学意义上的“规范”。

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Huang Chün-chieh on early Chinese historiography, ethics and the notion of “Dao”

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Abstract

This article attempts at scrutinizing the peculiarities of Chinese historical thinking via a study of the Chinese reflection onthe Ch ’in experience. We survey the Chinese intellectuals ’and historians ’reflections upon the Ch ’in empire and argue that Chinese historical thinking is essentially moral thought; traditional Chinese historical scholarship is the study of ethics in its own right. To better analyze the ethical concerns of Chinese historical thinking, the second section of this paper begins with a study of the characteristics of Chinese thinking; the third section deals with the negative and positive moral judgments that t he Chinese intellectuals had extrapolated from their reading of the Ch ’in experience; the fourth section inquires into the two -foldness of the notion of taoin Chinese historical thinking; the final section concludes with some reflections on the difficulties in Chinese historical thinking.

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