Historical Movies

Cao Xishun (曹昔舜) on the film “The Cairo Declaration” (开罗宣言) as an exemplary case of historical nihilism

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The recent Chinese movie “The Cairo Declaration” included a scene where Mao Zedong was shown as participating in the conference at Cairo, which of course is counter-factual. In reaction to that many pictures have shown up on the Chinese internet with people faking photographs of the Cairo meeting that included themselves, thus making fun of such a-historical propaganda.

This article has to be read with this in mind and in the context of the sharp critique over the past two years voiced against historical nihilism (see the many posts on this blog). This critique of historical nihilism is trying to turn back the rejection of the revolutionary paradigm (which is identified as the core of historical nihilism) that has dominated Chinese historiography over the past 20 years. Lately, the historical role of the GMD and its army during World War II in general and of Jiang Jieshi in particular have become another contested topic in this context.

《开罗宣言》:历史虚无主义“典范”

曹昔舜

来源:共识网-作者赐稿2015-08-24

For the original website please see here.

 

摘要:虽不能说毛泽东与开罗会议没有任何关系,因为那时中国共产党已是中国抗战的第二大政治力量,但电影《开罗宣言》里却将其与另外两个参加了开罗会议的二战盟国领袖并列,还踢掉真正与会的蒋介石,如此明目张胆的对历史“张冠李戴”,是明显不尊重历史的行为。

 

 

在世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年之际,由中国八一电影制片厂出品的《开罗宣言》将作为官方二战献礼影片于9月3日全国公映。然而,由于电影人物海报中用中共领导人毛泽东取代了参与开罗会议的蒋介石,将毛列为二战中世界四大伟人之一的行为而被指严重篡改历史,成为舆论关注的一大话题。

众所周知,《开罗宣言》乃是1943年11月22日-26日,由当时的美、英、中三国首脑于埃及开罗举行的开罗会议之后的产物。当年代表中国参加开罗会议的正是国民政府主席蒋介石,时任美国总统罗斯福还称蒋介石是“四强首脑之一”。当时的日本战败之势已经初露端倪,罗斯福希望组织中美英苏四国,商讨对日作战计划及战后对日惩戒问题,同时,也希望借此会议,支持中国政府继续在对日作战。因此,他还说服了对中国不屑一顾的丘吉尔,并三次发电报邀请当时中国政府的最高领导人蒋介石与会。不过蒋介石有所顾虑,他担心无法同未与日本决裂的苏联达成一致,并影响苏联对华援助,蒋也深怕苏联以中共问题作为谈判的前提条件。直到确认苏联不参加开罗会议,蒋介石才赶赴开罗,成为开罗会议三巨头之一。因此,可以确信无疑的是,历史上参与开罗会议并发表《开罗宣言》的中国领导人是国民党蒋介石,和共产党领导人毛泽东并无甚关系。 Read the rest of this entry »