Month: January 2014

Long analysis by Zhang Zhongheng (张中衡) of the problems of interpreting Chinese history with the help of Western concepts

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Lengthy analysis of the basic structures of Chinese history by Zhang Zhongheng (wasn’t able to identify the author; help welcome). Zhang Zhongheng starts out by juxtaposing the traditional Chinese view of history that according to him just knew facts and was abandoned after the historiographical revolution of Liang Qichao, and the modern view of history of e.g. a Guo Moruo characterized by paradoxes and never really able to fully explain the past with the help of Western concepts. This view nowadays no longer is really convincing. The author thus wrote this article demanding from his readers to turn to history, think of new interpretations and find answers to China’s questions triggered by the current transformation.

张中衡:重新理解中国历史

【引言】每到社会的转折时期,历史问题便“沉渣泛起”,何以如此?我想这不仅是因为在这些转折口,某种有力的潜流把它们翻上了水面,更因为面对不确定的时代命运,我们太想触摸历史的深沉脉搏,太想知道自己的来路和前途了。本文我欲与诸君讨论一个理解中国历史的根本性问题:解释体系。我们知道,中国历史现实有两大解释体系:一曰传统史学体系,起于孔子之《春秋》,成于司马迁之《史记》,可谓一脉相传;二曰现代史学体系,兴于上世纪30年代“国史论战”之后,经由郭沫若诸人垒造成形,终成一时之主导。前者有史实而无史论,被梁任公斥之为“帝王家碟”,自“史学革命”之后已为人们所抛弃,后者虽有史论却悖论迭出,难脱削足适履之嫌,中国历史面临着前所未有的解释困境,这已是不争的事实。一百多年前,魏源曾大声疾呼要“睁眼看世界”,今天我也吁唤诸君还要“睁眼看历史”。直面我们的先人们在这片土地上所开创的文明,所历经的苦难,并将我们自身安置在一个真实的历史源流之中,是时候了。

发布时间:2013-05-31

作者:张中衡

See http://www.21ccom.net/articles/fsyl/yulu_2013053184619.html and following 10 pages.

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